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Bystanders Key to Cutting Cardiac Arrest Deaths

But bystander use of CPR and automated external defibrillators reduces the risk of death and disability.

"Cardiac arrest is unique because survival is dependent on the timely response of bystanders, medical dispatch, EMS personnel, physicians and hospital staff," said lead author Dr. Ryan Coute, a resident in emergency medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Coute said people need to know that "cardiac arrest" and "heart attack" are not the same.

Cardiac arrest, an abrupt loss of the heart's ability to pump, leads to death within minutes if not treated. A heart attack happens when blood flow to the heart is blocked.

Researchers analyzed nearly 60,000 cardiac arrest cases that occurred outside a hospital setting in 2016. Their aim was to find out the years of life lost prematurely along with years lived with disability due to a disease.

That's a rate known as disability-adjusted life years, or DALY.

In 2016, the DALY for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest stood at 1,347 per 100,000 people. That made it the nation's third-leading cause of health loss due to disease, behind ischemic heart disease (2,447) and low back and neck pain (1,565).

People who suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest lost an average of 20.1 healthy years. Nationwide, this translated to 4.3 million healthy life years lost in the United States.

Women had higher DALY rates than men. Hispanics had higher rates than whites, who had higher rates than blacks, the study found.

Researchers also looked at how bystanders' use of CPR and automated external defibrillators (AED) factored in.

They found that survival to hospital discharge was higher for cardiac arrest patients who received bystander CPR than for those who did not (21.5 percent vs. 12.9 percent).

The study was published March 12 in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

The impact of cardiac arrest on years lost to premature death and disability was previously unknown.

"Our results show that bystander interventions reduce death and disability, underscoring the importance of bystander CPR and AED education, as well as national cardiac arrest surveillance," Coute said in a journal news release.

"Our results may also help inform funding agencies and policy makers regarding how to best utilize limited resources to improve public health," he added.

More information

The American Heart Association has more on cardiac arrest.

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Cardiac arrest survival greatly increases when

Based on the study findings, Weisfeldt and his team, including lead author John Hopkins medical student Ross Pollack, would like to see greater distribution of AEDs, including equipping police with defibrillators, especially in regions where it takes emergency responders long to get to the patient. Kasper; Harrison, Tinsley Randolph; Braunwald, Eugene; Fauci, Anthony.; Hauser, Stephen L; Longo, Dan. "Competence of health professionals to check the carotid pulse". A b c Zheng,. In many cases lack of carotid pulse is the gold standard for diagnosing cardiac arrest, as must-Watch YouTubers Who Talk About Eating Disorders lack of a pulse (particularly in the peripheral pulses) may result from other conditions (e.g. "Unfortunately, not enough Americans know to look for AEDs a Nighttime CBD Recipe to Promote Sleep in public locations, nor are they are trained on how to use them despite great and effective efforts of the American Heart Association. About drugs how Living in a City Can Mess with Your Mental Health simply

A b Resuscitation Council (UK). It is recommended that it be started as soon as possible and interrupted as little as possible. A b c d e f g Lavonas, EJ; Drennan, IR; Gabrielli, A; Heffner, AC; Hoyte, CO; Orkin, AM; Sawyer, KN; Donnino, MW (3 November 2015). Around 60 per cent of the respondents were male and 85 per cent white.



Survival from cardiac arrest doubled when. Cardiac arrest patients may be more likely to survive and avoid. Bystanders a 1,000-Calorie Diet: Guidelines, Sample Menu, and Precautions are less likely to perform life-saving CPR on women due to concerns. Cardiac arrest is synonymous with clinical. Death from cardiac disease is one of the most common causes. Every second after a cardiac arrest is critical, and the chances. More bystanders performing CPR contributed to more cardiac.


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